Explanation of employment and unemployment concepts
Employment rate – Share of employed in total population of specific age group (percent). (Data source: CSB)
Employed population – According to definitions of the International Labour Organization (ILO), all the persons aged 15-74 years (15 years and more until 2001) who performed any work paid in money or in goods or services during the reporting week. Self-employed persons in business, farmsteads, or professional practise are also regarded as the employed.
Persons called up for the mandatory military service (until 2006), who performed any work paid in money or in remuneration during the reporting week must not be regarded as the employed. But persons, who serve in career service of the national armed forces and are paid for it, are regarded as the employed.
Persons, who are temporary absent from work due to maternity leave, as well as leave for child care, are regarded as the employed if after expiration of the leave the person is guaranteed returning to the previous position. The number of the employed includes also persons, who are working to make products for own consumption or sale. (Data source: CSB)
Share of job seekers – Share of job seekers in total economically active population of specific age group (percent). (Data source: CSB)
Job seekers (both registered at the State Employment Agency and unregistered) – persons (aged 15-74 years), who are not working and are not temporary absent from work, and within previous four weeks have actively searched for a job and in case they have found it were ready to start working immediately (within next two weeks). The number of job seekers is made up also of those persons, who were not seeking for job, because they have already found it and are going to start working within three months. (Data source: CSB)
Unemployment rate – Share of unemployed (working age (15-62 years)) registered at the State Employment Agency in total working age population (percent).
Number of unemployed – All persons aged 15-62 years who are registered at the State Employment Agency and have obtained the status of unemployed.
Economically active population – Persons of both genders, who offer their work for production of the material values or service rendering during the reporting period. The economically active population consists of the employed and job seekers (both registered at the State Employment Agency and unregistered), who are actively seeking for a job. (Data source: CSB)
Seasonally adjusted harmonised unemployment rate - Eurostat estimates the unemployment rate in each Member state of the European Union, Euro-zone, and the European Union by applying single methodology. These data are based on the definitions given by the ILO. The estimates are carried out on the basis of the agreed source – the European Union Labour Force Survey (LFS).
Based on definition given by the ILO, Eurostat regards persons aged 15-74 years as job seekers who: • Are unemployed; • Are ready to start working within the next two weeks; • Have been actively searching for a job within previous four weeks.
The unemployment rate is presented as the share of job seekers in the total economically active population.
Number of job seekers and monthly unemployment rate is estimated on the basis of the LSF results, which is an independent household polling carried out by the Member states applying a single methodology. These results are interpolated/extrapolated to monthly data by using polling data of the states and/or monthly registered unemployment of the states (for Latvia number of the unemployed registered at the NVA is used). The latest data are provisional since the LSF results are available to majority of the Member states 90 days after the end of the reporting period.
Every month unemployment and employment rates of each Member state at first are calculated in four groups (men and women aged 15-24 years, men and women aged 25-74 groups). These rates are seasonally adjusted and then common rates of each state and the European Union are calculated.
The Member states are allowed to publish also other data, for example, register-based indices or data of the unemployment rate, which are obtained on the basis of the national labour force survey or other corresponding polling. These indices may differ from those published by Eurostat due to different definitions and data acquisition methods. (Data source: Eurostat)
Nodarbinātības valsts aģentūras mājaslapas tehniskie uzlabojumi, interaktīvās iespējas, vieglās valodas sadaļa, sadaļu tulkojumi angļu un krievu valodās nodrošināti ar Eiropas Sociālā fonda projekta „Nodarbinātības valsts aģentūras kapacitātes pilnveide” (Nr.1DP/188.8.131.52.0/08/IPIA/NVA/001) atbalstu.